Tensions between Taliban leaders escalated on 29 February 2020, when political leaders preparing for the signing of the agreement called for a reduction in violence. Instead of watching the violence reduce, many of the country`s commanders continue to attack. While these commanders welcome the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Afghanistan, they are cautious when negotiating with a Kabul government they do not trust. Initially, Afghan President Ghani announced that he would not release Taliban prisoners, but by March 15, 2020, a few days after the start of peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, he announced the release of 1,500 Taliban prisoners. He also insisted that any freed Taliban detainee was required to sign an agreement in which he pledged not to return to the fighting. The Taliban have not yet accepted this compromise and, as a result, the necessary talks on the next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government have not yet begun. With a familiar bombast, we are told not to worry – that the United States, if it violates the terms of this agreement, will return to Afghanistan with overwhelming force. But what to do? Are you fighting the Taliban? Strengthen afghan security forces? And how many innocent Afghans will have perished in the meantime in this failed peace experiment? From a government that, in the last six months, has abandoned the Kurds of Syria and underestimated the Palestinians, it is hard to imagine a strategic U.S. counterattack against Afghanistan, when the Taliban inevitably violate the terms of this agreement, but just enough to harm the Afghans and not enough for our American forces to be redeployed. As part of the agreement, the militants also agreed not to allow al Qaeda or any other extremist group to operate in the areas they control.
But what happens next remains a problem. Although on March 18, 2020, the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan was temporarily suspended due to the coronavirus outbreak, U.S. forces have already begun to leave the country. Some in the United States question the terms of the agreement and even call it a surrender document. Faced with the weakness of the Kabul government and the U.S. branch that has supported your troops, some would say that they support the Kabul government, others fear that the Taliban will wait for American troops to leave and invade Kabul, as they did in 1995. If that happens, the 20 years of war and the loss of nearly 2,500 American lives will have nothing to do. There are a number of assumptions that the agreement makes that are problematic. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not part of the negotiations or signed the final agreement.
Although U.S. Ambassador Zalmay Khaililzad tried to keep Afghan President Ashraf Ghani informed and kept on board, the Afghan government was increasingly concerned and upset that they had been excluded from discussions about his own country`s future. The fact that the Afghan government or its representatives were not allowed to participate in the negotiations was due to the insistence of the Taliban, who said that the current government in Afghanistan was not a legitimate government, but a puppet of the United States.